Nature vs Nurture

Langmia Annan

 
The nature versus nurture is a debate that is common around the elements of bringing up and the capabilities passed to the children and what they end up becoming in the future. Talents and precepts that people may have growing up are largely attributed to either nature or having come from the way the children were brought up. For some, nature which largely the genetic makeup of a person is the sole reason they are the way they are at an older age. For the other faction of the debate, it is the way that one brings up their children that determines the success they have in their adulthood. It is important to note the impact environments have on the growth of a child. Much like a seed, a child is open to the platform they are introduced to. As such, a large part of the development is attributable to the environment their parents introduce them to.” However, both nature and nurture have some differences in intelligence, interaction and behavior and how the affect people.
Nature– The individual’s ability to achieve greatness indicates the reason of being successful because of their parent’s intelligence. As a result, the development in the early skills shows that child was “born smart”. In this psychologist are mainly involving in two areas. Firstly, it includes the intelligence of an individual. Secondly, other use to develop and refine the existing the major contributor to the psychological argument was Francis Galton in his book “Hereditary Genius. Its Laws and Consequences (1869).” Galton had observed that the gifted individuals tended to come from families which had other gifted individuals. He searched on biological dictionaries and encyclopedias and became convinced that talent in science, the professions, and the arts, ran in families. On the other hand, in terms of intelligence–Nurture– It includes the child’s educational background and how his parents have raised him. The credit of the child’s success goes to the school system. Meta-analysis of 9 family studies was conducted by Daniels, Devlin and Roeder (1997). These authors concluded 212 correlations and produced similar results to those quoted by Matt Ridley. They concluded that heritability can account 48% of the variation in IQ. Considering that heritability are not pure measures of genetic inheritance because of some prenatal environmental influence and post-natal material environment influence. 
Human development has been influenced largely by their genetic as well as environmental exposures. The way of human interaction is one of the way to impart and receive knowledge. So, here when someone who has developed in a whole different environment will perceive things in different manner. It is evident from human anatomy that environment has led the path of different traits of genetic mutation in humans. Starting from physical body shape, race, eye color. The whole in fact consists of a few, 3-4 types of human body developments’ an example, a European person on first meeting may take a different notion of your personality than an Asian guy. All of which goes back to the way human genome have developed overtime in the cradle of environment. The conclusion can be drawn from the way humans interact which is a result of their ancestral development and their environmental changes.
To add, behavior is another major factor in this nature vs nurture debate. Both nature and nurture affect behavior of an individual immensely, consciously and unconsciously but on different levels of development. Many people think that the productiveness of a person’s nature is highly dependent on how he or she is nurtured. Nature is what is passed from one generation from the next. Raw materials such as emotion is what build up our conduct either positively or negatively. For example, a family which is quick tempered might likely give birth to a child who is also quick tempered. In contrast, how a person turns out to behave can also relies on how he or she is groomed.  For example, a person who does not smoke but have friends who smoke may turn out becoming a smoker too. 
In conclusion, the more we drive into this topic; the more the evidence shows that both nature and nurture play different roles in influencing a person’s intelligence, behavior, and as well as interaction. 
        Work citation 
Daniels, M., Devlin, B., & Roeder, K. (1997). Of genes and IQ. In B. Devlin, S. Fienberg., & K. Roeder (pp. 45-70). Intelligence, Genes, and Success: Scientists respond to The Bell Curve. New York: Springer.